Competence assessment and possible outcomes in terms of access, exemption and acquiring certificates varies between the different education and training sectors e.g. VET, HE and adult education and training. For almost all formal adult education and training a legal framework for validation of prior learning based on common principles has been in place since 2007. VET programmes for adults are targeted at adults 25 and above but in the other sectors there are no age regulations. Within this framework, it is a right for individuals to request an assessment of their prior learning in relation to the standards of an education and training programme no matter where and how competences have been required. This procedure is known in Danish as the (individual) Ôassessment of real competencesÕ realkompetencevurdering (RKV) or individual kompetencevurdering (IKV).
In fact, IKV is an assessment of what individuals are capable of; their skills and experience. As such it helps the individual in entering the Danish Labour Market by Recognising (validating) their prior learning.